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Kanchipuram Silk: Legends, Bollywood Seductive Glamour and Manufacturing

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Legends say Shiva saved Markandeya from the clasp of casualty, embodied as Yamaraj and he was the master weaver of Gods and inventor of silk fibre.

Kanchipuram sarees differ extensively in rate depending upon the complexity of effort, colours, blueprint, fabric used like gold strand etc. The silk is recognized for its excellence and skill required in making it.

Kanchipuram Silk is used extensively in film industry, celebrity parties, wedding, festivals, government officials as it can be wore in formal and informal both ways. Deepika Padukone wore Kanjivaram in Chennai Express. Although this look was seen in the movie, but she is found of Kanjivaram Silk and spotted many time in it. Deepika wore this stunning blend of red and gold Kanjivaram silk saree with celebratory ornaments and appears elegant.


Vidya Balan is brand ambassador of Silk Udyog – Government of India. And so we mainly see her in silk only. In this image Vidya is wearing a cherry and carroty color saree. Vidya has matching the Saree with traditional temple ornaments.


Priyanka Chopra wore silk from her government award function to bollywood parties.  In this image, She wore golden Kanjivaram silk with a crimson spaghetti blouse. She wore her hair in an updo and added rose buds to enhance the hairbun.


From award functions, movie launches and personal parties, you can observe that our beautiful actresses, dressing up in Kanjivaram. Rationally all celebrities wear it for their private gatherings, celebrations, parties and much more

How it is made:

Steps :

Step 1: Raising silkworms & harvesting cocoons.

Step 2: Thread extraction

Step 3: Dyeing

Step 4: Spinning.

Step 5: Weaving.

Step 6: Binding

Fly-shuttle: It is primarily employed in development the weft. The spools are placed in fly-shuttle whilst weaving. These shuttles are prepared by whole bamboo shafts.

Warp-Beam: The span of thread is wound on warp shaft which is later loaded into the loom.

Jacquard Machine: The innovative tools such as jala and jacquard are used to build the designs for corners, borders and at Pallu.

Warping machine: This is used to control the extent of the fibre from the spools.

Handloom: Looms of Kanchipuram have wide range from customary to contemporary. Customary looms can be manoeuvred by hand. Current looms are improved with help of electronic motors.

Punch Cards: Various designs are punched on these cards and then these cards are loaded into jacquard device.

Mulberry Silk: The fundamental unprocessed fabric used for the production of saris is silk. Delicately processed silk is obtained from Mysore. The rough silk which comes from Mysore grants lustre and even finishes to the end product.

Zari: Gold fibre is imported from Gujarat. Unadulterated silver and gold is used to craft Zari strand. Additionally the designers of Kanchipuram now have a unit to make zari thread in the neighbourhood. This strand is particularly applied to make borders and pallu of sari.

Dye Colour: Diverse colours of dye colouring raw material is supplied by the local manufacturers only. The colour raw material is in power form and it is mixed in hot water boiling at same time dyeing of the silk yarn is performed.

Copper Boiler Pots: Big copper pots are used in dyeing course. These containers are used to dye the boiling solution.

Rice Starch: Starch is made by boiling rice extraction method. The extracted solution is locally called as Kanji. Yarn is dipped in the kanji to obtain stiffness.

Spinning Wheel: Used for spinning the silk yarn to spools and spindles. These spindles are used in weaving process for weft weaving.



About Author

MIFT ( Mysore Institute of Fashion Technology) students, trainee and scholars study and research about fashion, makeup, forecasting, e commerce, disruptive technologies in fashion & cosmetics industry. The primary research objective is to create open industry modular ecosystem platform for fashion designers and makeup artists to work and earn in hyper personal and local market using IR 4 and 5 ( industrial revolution) technologies to disrupt connected digitalization of mass production. 


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